DOGGONE® Wild Dog Bait
Farmers have described a need to control wild dogs on their properties. In response to that demand, DOGGONE® Wild Dog Bait was developed. DOGGONE® provides a reliable and cost-effective method to reduce wild dog numbers in rural areas and Crown land.
DOGGONE® Wild Dog Bait is a manufactured meat meal-based bait, pre-poisoned with precisely 6 milligrams (6/1000th of a gram) of sodium fluoroacetate ('1080'). Red dye identifies the poison in the centre of the bait.
After the dog eats the bait, the 1080 poison is absorbed, and it blocks enzymes for energy production in the animal's cells. The dog behaves normally for several hours after eating the poisoned bait. After that delay, death occurs quickly from loss of energy to the brain, heart and diaphragm.
DOGGONE® is the most convenient and easy to use wild dog bait available
Baits degrade in the environment leaving no residues
DOGGONE® Wild Dog Bait will need to be used at a rate of approximately 1 bait per 10 hectares. This allows for a dog density of up to four dogs per square kilometre.
DOGGONE® Wild Dog Bait contains '1080' and is therefore a Restricted Schedule 7 poison (RS7). It is available through the following state government agencies and authorities:
DOGGONE - Protecting Australia's livestock and wildlife
Degradation of poison DOGGONE® baits have been formulated to remain stable while in original packaging. However, once placed in moist soil the baits gradually absorb moisture. This allows the poison to be degraded to harmless residues by common soil bacteria and moulds.There is minimal long term environmental hazard from the use of these baits at buried placements. The rate at which the baits degrade will vary with soil moisture and temperature. Despite this degradation feature, it is recommended that all bait stations are marked (for example with spray mark on dropper posts, or ribbon tied to a tree or fence). This facilitates regular checking and replacement of baits taken and also recovery of baits not taken at the end of the program. Use of lure trails The use of lure trails such as carcass drags or other scent markers is NOT necessary. While the use of lure trails results in more baits being found in the early phase of the program, this may be due to dogs moving along the trail to find several baits. Fate of carcasses The poison is destroyed as the carcass putrefies and bacteria degrade the toxin to harmless residues. It is unlikely that any animal can recieve a secondary poisoning dose from eating a poisoned dog (or fox) carcass. For example it is estimated that an eagle would need to eat approximately 6 whole dog carcasses to receive a lethal dose. Carcasses do not need to be recovered.
Wild dogs include dingoes and hybrid animals that prey on livestock in agricultural and pastoral areas. Wild dog predation on sheep has long been recognised, but there is also evidence that dogs, hunting in packs, can bring down calves and even full-grown cows. Wild dogs hunt in packs and cause significant losses to small and large native wild-life.
Impact of wild dogs
Wild dog predation on livestock and native wildlife is a considerable national problem.
Agricultural producers in Queensland claim that thousands of sheep have been taken by increasing numbers of wild dog attacks, driving some producers out of the industry.
Wild dogs also impact on native environments by:
hunting native animals;
breeding with purebred dingoes, causing the hybridisation of this "native" species;
carrying diseases and parasites; and
competing with native carnivores, such as quolls.
Fencing can be used to exclude wild dogs from fenced areas. The problem for controlling agencies is that dingoes, Australia's native dog, should be conserved in the wild, but since they are predators of livestock they need to be eradicated from livestock producing areas.
The Dingo Fence is a two metre high wire fence that attempts to keep native populations of dingoes in the deep outback of Australia and away from grazing land in the eastern states. Stretching from South Australia to Queensland it is the longest fence in the world.
Fencing can effectively exclude wild dogs from entering relatively small areas in which wild dogs have been subjected to culling or eradication programmes. However, fences are expensive to maintain, and of limited usefulness in large-scale control.
Despite the dingo fence, wild dog predation of livestock and wildlife is a problem throughout Australia.
Trapping is time consuming and only approved soft jaw traps are permitted in some states. Its success depends on the skill of the operator. Poorly set traps allow dogs to escape and infrequent checking of traps is inhumane. Escaped wild dogs are often "trap shy", or maimed so they can only prey on more easily caught domestic stock.
Traps are not target specific. They should not be placed near waterholes or animal paths known to be frequented by animals other than the target dogs.
Trapping is predominantly used in areas with low dog populations, or to control small numbers of "problem" wild dogs.
Shooting can be used to control small populations of wild dogs but is not a cost effective large-scale control method.
Prepared meat baits, like DOGGONE® Wild Dog Bait, have a long shelf life, remain palatable to the target species, and are easily hidden from non target species by burying the baits in shallow holes. Because DOGGONE® baits are prepared in controlled conditions, quality is consistent, and the prepared baits can be safely handled by non-specialists following the safe handling directions.
When used in accordance with instructions, the effectiveness of target species take-up can be measured, and baits that haven't been taken can be collected and safely destroyed after the programme.